Enterprise Architecture

A Pragmatic Approach Using PEAF


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Business Model

The Business Model Meta-model is loosely based on the Business Motivation Model (BMM) that was developed by The Object Management Group (OMG) although various changes have been made - most notably being that it is structured using MAGMA.

¨      Motivation

¨      Vision - A statement about the enduring value the Enterprise will deliver without regard to how it is to be achieved.

¨      Goal - Statements about a state or condition of the Enterprise to be brought about or sustained through appropriate means. Compared to an Objective, a Goal tends to be: ongoing, qualitative (rather than quantitative), general (rather than specific), longer term.

¨      Objective - Statements of a specific time-targeted, measurable, attainable target that an Enterprise seeks to meet in order to achieve its Goals. Compared to a Goal, an Objective is: short-term, not continuing beyond its timeframe (which may be cyclical).

¨      Actions

¨      Mission - The ongoing operational activity of an Enterprise.

¨      Strategy - Courses of action that is one component of a plan for a Mission. It is accepted by the Enterprise as the right approach to achieve its Goals, given the environmental constraints and risks. Compared to a Tactic: longer-term, broader in scope.

¨      Tactic - Courses of action that represents part of the detailing of Strategies. Compared to a Strategy: shorter term, narrower in scope.

¨      Guidance

¨      Influence - An act, process, or power of producing an effect without apparent exertion of tangible force or direct exercise of command, and often without deliberate effort or intent.

¨      Policy - Guides the Enterprise. Compared to a Rule it is less structured, less discrete or not atomic, less carefully expressed in terms of standard vocabulary.

¨      Rule - Influences or guides business behaviour, in support of a Policy. Compared to a Policy it is highly structured, discrete or atomic, carefully expressed in terms of standard vocabulary.

¨      Measures

¨      CSF (Critical Success Factor) - are the causes of our success. Measures the things we must do to be successful and used to measure and track Actions.

¨      KPI (Key Performance Indicator) - Measures the effects of our success. They are indicators that we are winning and used to measure and track Motivation.

¨      Assessment

¨      SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats) - An assessment that indicates an area of advantage or area of excellence, an area of inadequacy, something that can have a favourable impact, something that can have an un-favourable impact to the execution of the Means or achievement of Ends.

Roadmap Model

¨      Motivation

¨      Requirement - Conceptual representation of requirements. More detailed than an Objective.

¨      Actions

¨      Program - A grouping of Projects and Initiatives.

¨      Project - A grouping of Initiatives.

¨      Initiative - A piece of work.

¨      Guidance

¨      Principle - Conceptual guidance.

¨      Policy - Logical guidance.

¨      Standard - Physical guidance.

¨      Assessment

¨      Transformation Debt Agreement (TDA) - An assessment of the impact and implications of not following a Principle, Policy or Standard.

Questions to ponder...

What entities does your Enterprise use to model this information?

Are they well known and consistently used from person to person?

If not, what problems does that create and what can you do to alleviate them?

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