The Complete Pragmatic Family of Frameworks

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¨      Plate A illustrates the “normal” but flawed mental model, that many Enterprises have. It takes the view that the Business Strategy is written and then thrown over a wall to those IT bods to figure out the IT strategy, and out of that there then comes projects - Generally IT projects, because most transformation is all or mostly, about changing IT. Effectively the proper Roadmapping phase (the core of EA) is lost or, if not lost, is limited to and conflated with IT Strategy.

¨      Plate B illustrates the Pragmatic view where the Business and IT strategies are formulated together. They are (should be) inextricably linked and must be formulated together as each feeds on the other. The IT Strategy is shown smaller because the Business Strategy is much bigger! The Business Strategy includes, Methods, Artefacts, Culture and part of Environment (IT - which is itself a sub domain of the larger Technology domain) while the IT Strategy only covers the IT part of the Technology Part of the Environment domain. Thus the Business Strategy and IT Strategy come together to make the Enterprise Strategy which then flows into the Transformation Strategy (the high level plan of how the required Enterprise Transformation will be undertaken)

Enterprise Strategy (aka Business Strategy)

A strategy is really just a high level plan and answers four basic questions:

1)    Where are we?

2)    Where do we want/need to go?

3)    Why do we want/need to go there?

4)    How will we get there?

I say “should” because many “Strategy” documents produced by Enterprises are not Strategy documents at all based on this definition. The only thing that makes a lot of them “Strategy” documents is because they have the word “Strategy” written on the front!

Although we use the term Enterprise Strategy (and urge others to do so) many Enterprises refer to this as Business Strategy. The term is in widespread use and there is nothing wrong with that per se. But as time has passed since it was first used, IT happened! More importantly people have begun (unfortunately) to refer to IT and “The Business” (as PEAF does - because you cannot ignore reality however wrong it may be from a purist’s perspective). The word Business has come to mean “everything in the Enterprise that is not IT”. This distinction is reinforced with terms such as Business Analysis and Business Analysts who work 99% of the time purely on the people and process issues of a solution, leaving the IT issues to someone else. So the term Business Strategy would seem to intimate that there is a separate IT Strategy (another slight misnomer as explained below). In addition the term Business is not very general to refer to the whole (do people refer to the Army as “The Business”?) and so we prefer to use the word Enterprise hence we use the term Enterprise Strategy instead of Business Strategy because it is, after all, the Strategy of the Enterprise - aka a high level plan of where we are, where we want to go to, why we want/need to go there and how we are going to get there.

Transformation Strategy (aka IT Strategy)

Although we use the term Transformation Strategy (and urge others to do so) many Enterprises refer to this as IT Strategy. This has happened because most of the Transformation happening in any Enterprise is IT Transformation. The difference between Transformation and IT has become blurred and confused.

It should be noted here that we are walking a fine line between the words I would like to use and the words I have to use because of history and the way people generally use them (rightly or wrongly).


Questions to ponder...

Do you agree with the definition of a “Strategy” above? If not, how would you define a “Strategy”?

Does your Enterprise define an integrated Enterprise Strategy (Business and IT)?

Does your Enterprise define an integrated Transformation Strategy (Business and IT)?

If not, does this cause any issues or problems?

If so what do you need to do to alleviate them?

What Meta-models do you currently use?

Do they have limitations?

How do you integrate them?

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