Here we see the Zachman Ontology, showing the two labels used
for each row. On the left is what is referred to as “Audience Perspectives” and
on the right is what Z is referred to as “Model Names” or “Representations”.
These “Perspectives” and “Model Names” form a stack from high level strategy at
the top to physical things in Operations at the bottom. The “Perspectives” on
the left relate to people and therefore the work those people do. The “Model
Names” on the right relate to the information those people use to do their
Because of this it is more apt to move the “Model Names”
down a little to sit between each of the perspectives because each model forms
the output from one perspective and the input to the next as illustrated in
As we move down these perspectives and models this makes
The Executives create the Context models…
…which are taken by Business Management as input who create
…which are taken by Architects as input who create Logical
…which are taken by Engineers as input who create Physical
…which are taken by Technicians as input who create Configuration
…which are taken by Users as input who create Operational
Hang on … that last one doesn’t sound right at all … users
don’t create Operational Instances … Users use Operational instances … so we
need to move the User’s Perspective down to the correct place.
OK - that’s better! Users take Operational Instances as
their input and use them … correct!
But this creates a hole in our diagram - a Perspective that
takes Configuration Models and creates Operational Instances. We also recognise
that there is another hole at the top - a Model that the Enterprise Perspective
needs to use as its input.
And so we add the missing Deployer Perspective and the
missing Enterprise Context Model.
To be fair to Zachman, he isn’t missing the Enterprise
Context Model per se, as he says that the enterprise’s context is comprised of
other Enterprises, which would have their own Zachman models. This is true, but
as we know Context is King™, and so we really need to show it as, from our
Enterprises perspective, it is the most important.